Dissertation Proposal: The design of footnotes

In the dissertation, according to www.a-mentor.co.uk, the footnotes are optically isolated from the rest of the text to place down as possible on each page and should be numbered consecutively. They can be set smaller than the text in the font, this is not mandatory. Rule of thumb: from an ordinary term paper with 17 edit pages (as appropriate) definitely 50 (and more) Footnotes can be expected (as with the cited literature and case law demonstrates the seminar work that she has carefully addressed the problematic processing material) .

The footnotes should have an internal order, therefore it begin with the case law, the “higher” court of first grade in the literature either chronologically or alphabetically or by category Post (essays and monographs on before posting comments etc.). When there are several proofs, they are usually separated by a semicolon.

A point – name – reference (no title of the article or essay)

For dependent contributions to specify the first letter of the first name. It is sufficient comma, the start page and actual page reference. The specific reference may be made in parentheses or commas, it should be a standard, such as A. Smith , NJW 2002, 13, 24 or Doe , NJW 2002, 13 (24).In comments to the respective processors to name-as with the first letter of the first name – comma (can be omitted – but only as a unit).Instruction – comma (it can be omitted – but only as a unit) – point (or paragraph), or page.

Example: B. Pieroth, in: Jarass / idem, Basic Law, Article 1, para. 1

Textbooks and monographs are cited: first letter of first name – dot – name – comma – Short title of track (usually the first noun of the title) – comma – year – relevant page or paragraph.Court decisions should, where available, are cited as possible after the official collections.

The name of the court and the sources indicated with specific page number, e.g. BVerfGE 7, 377 (397)or BVerfGE 7, 377, 397 For journals applies: Federal Constitutional Court, NJW 2001, 1341 (1342) and Constitutional Court, NJW 2001, 1341, 1342nd Between the court and the courts must review a comma, but it can be set – is again observed only uniformity.

Dissertation writing: Determine the deadline!

Let us start with the deadline. You have to set a deadline. Also, you it must comply strictly and and this requires a high degree of planning, to avoid falling into the last days into heart attack, promoting panic and so on.Without a realistic schedule, you will hardly succeed! Because there lurk, many well camouflaged, of course, time wasters in your area:Friends, boyfriend / girlfriend, friend / family / pretty women /sports / computer games… The pleasure of reading peripheral issues. “Ok, I know I do need the essay now necessarily, but this is so interesting…. “.There is the focus of analysis or in other words the the way, which you can successfully use for term papers and dissertations – http://www.a-mentor.co.uk/services/research-writing/dissertation-writing/.

Focus analysis

It is better for you to have a plan. The advantages of such a plan are obvious:

• You have a sense of achievement when it is set in the plan Greatest advantage is that if you are faster than planned, you can reward yourself and go to football or whatever and your conscience will be completely clean
• Your time panic is reduced to a tolerable level
• You have effective control

During the incorporation of the theme, you should approach from general to specific! Tighten up! Do not read in details!
The initial problem that needs to be examined, it is the problem with the accurately identify.
The study ends with a concrete result


• Interpretation of a legal concept
• Application of specific standards in a social situation
• Clarification of a vague legal term that means compilation of case groups

Comparative Law

It comes to comparison of solutions for application of two different legal systems.

The reader must be able to recognize the common thread of the investigation.
Have you followed the procedure that was previously announced?
Digressions are to be avoided! Waste must be removed!


The focus of the work is the normative analysis, whereby political judgment, has the most influence by the design and it not to be neglected. This must be clearly distinguished from the legal arguments!

What is an essay?

First, what is an essay? According to a-mentor.co.uk – the essay is no definite type of text. It provides ample room for expression and design possibilities. No successful essay is identical to another. In this respect, an essay is free of structural rules and ready-made patterns. Essays forgo precise scientific analysis as well as to strict classification of train of thought. Rather, the essay is an associative-linking thoughts walk; Essay- show that cares the open reflection, the thought experiment of the not yet, it is clear where it will lead.

The essay also provides scope for the pleasure of formulating, for playing with language and the personal touch of style. The essay is in all-in mental substance and language design – an experiment. It is called in French “essayer”, the essay statement is thus a preliminary, and it is not final. The theme of the essay writing is daring and interesting, but no eternal truth!

In French “essai”, means attempt tasting, shorter essay in prose form a scientific article, a topical question of the spiritual life, etc. in an easily accessible, yet artistically sophisticated. The essay is witty and aesthetically satisfying form, characterized by conscious subjectivity. It is believed that the essay should provide “food for thought”.

It should to convey the essence of deep insights, to investigate and Reproduce personal experience, as simultaneously is reported accuracy of the statement in detail and the potential of the identified relationships, which does not permit generalization. The essay is therefore regarded as an open form and is characterized by the subjective formulation of the strictly scientific and factual treatise. (From: Gero von Wilpert: tangible dictionary of literature – Stuttgart 1964.)

It is differs of literary purpose shapes such as a report , as stressing subjectivity of perception and above all through the looser nature of the treatment of the topic, for an associative, often erratic reasoning, variation-like orbit of the object, calculating of possibilities of thought, as the statements are often paradoxical and fundamentally provocative – Student-Duden literature – Mannheim 1989).